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JEE Main 2019 Syllabus – Mathematics, Physics and Chemistry Syllabus
September 3, 2018 / Leave a comment
In this article, we have given information about JEE Main 2019 Syllabus which consists of subjects like Mathematics, Physics, and Chemistry. The syllabus of JEE Main entrance exam is officially derived by the National Test Agency. According to syllabus Physics subject carries total weightage of 30 marks, Chemistry Subject carries 120 marks and Mathematics subject carries 30 marks.
JEE Main 2019 Syllabus for Mathematics
Algebra
 Complex numbers as ordered pairs of reals,
 Representation of complex numbers in the form a+ib and their representation in a plane, argand diagram, algebra of complex numbers
 Modulus and argument (or amplitude) of a complex number, square root of a complex number, triangle inequality,
 Quadratic equations in real and complex number system and their solutions.
 Relation between roots and coefficients, nature of roots, formation of quadratic equations with given roots.
 Matrices, algebra of matrices, types of matrices, determinants and matrices of order two and three.
 Properties of determinants, evaluation of determinants, area of triangles using determinants.
 Adjoint and evaluation of inverse of a square matrix using determinants and elementary transformations,
 Test of consistency and solution of simultaneous linear equations in two or three variables using determinants and matrices.
 Fundamental principle of counting, permutation as an arrangement and combination as selection,
 Meaning of P (n,r) and C (n,r), simple applications.
 Principle of Mathematical Induction and its simple applications. Statements, logical operations. ‘and’, ‘or’, ‘implies’, ‘implied by’, ‘if and only if’.
 Understanding of tautology, contradiction, converse and contrapositive.
 Binomial theorem for a positive integral index, general term and middle term, properties of Binomial coefficients and simple applications.
 Arithmetic and Geometric progressions, insertion of arithmetic, geometric means between two given numbers.
 Relation between A.M. and G.M. Sum up to n terms of special series: Sn, Sn2, Sn3. Arithmetic – Geometric progression.
Measures of Dispersion
 Calculation of mean, median, mode of grouped and ungrouped data. Calculation of standard deviation, variance and mean deviation for grouped and ungrouped data.
Probability
 Probability of an event, addition and multiplication theorems of probability, Baye’s theorem, probability distribution of a random variate, Bernoulli trials and Binomial distribution.
Calculus
 Sets and their representation
 Union, intersection and complement of sets and their algebraic properties
 Power set
 Relation, Types of relations, equivalence relations, functions
 Oneone, into and onto functions, composition of functions.
 Realvalued functions, algebra of functions, polynomials, rational, trigonometric, logarithmic and exponential functions, inverse functions.
 Graphs of simple functions. Limits, continuity and differentiability.
 Differentiation of the sum, difference, product and quotient of two functions.
 Differentiation of trigonometric, inverse trigonometric, logarithmic, exponential, composite and implicit functions; derivatives of order up to two.
 Applications of derivatives: Rate of change of quantities, monotonic – increasing and decreasing functions.
 Maxima and minima of functions of one variable, tangents and normals.
 Rolle’s and Lagrange’s Mean Value Theorems.
 Integral as an antiderivative.
 Fundamental integrals involving algebraic, trigonometric, exponential and logarithmic functions.
 Integration by substitution, by parts and by partial fractions.
 Integration using trigonometric identities.
 Ordinary differential equations, their order and degree.
 Formation of differential equations.
 Solution of differential equations by the method of separation of variables, solution of homogeneous and linear differential equations
Coordinate Geometry
Cartesian system of rectangular coordinates in a plane, distance formula, section formula, locus and its equation, translation of axes, slope of a line, parallel and perpendicular lines, intercepts of a line on the coordinate axes.
Straight lines
Various forms of equations of a line, intersection of lines, angles between two lines, conditions for concurrence of three lines, distance of a point from a line, equations of internal and external bisectors of angles between two lines, coordinates of centroid, orthocentre and circumcentre of a triangle, equation of family of lines passing through the point of intersection of two lines.
Circles, conic sections
 Standard form of equation of a circle, general form of the equation of a circle, its radius and centre, equation of a circle when the end points of a diameter are given, points of intersection of a line and a circle with the centre at the origin and condition for a line to be tangent to a circle, equation of the tangent.
 Sections of cones, equations of conic sections (parabola, ellipse and hyperbola) in standard forms, condition for y = mx + c to be a tangent and point (s) of tangency.
 Coordinates of a point in space, distance between two points, section formula, direction ratios and direction cosines, angle between two intersecting lines.
 Skew lines, the shortest distance between them and its equation.
 Equations of a line and a plane in different forms, intersection of a line and a plane, coplanar lines.
 Vectors and scalars, addition of vectors, components of a vector in two dimensions and threedimensional space, scalar and vector products, scalar and vector triple product.
Trigonometry
 Trigonometrical identities and equations. Trigonometrical functions. Inverse trigonometrical functions and their properties. Heights and Distances.
Also read other articles on JEE Main
JEE Main 2019 Application Form
JEE Main Chemistry Syllabus
Physical Chemistry
 Matter and its nature
 Dalton’s atomic theory
 Concept of atom, molecule, element and compound
 Physical quantities and their measurements in Chemistry
 Precision and accuracy, significant figures, S.I. Units, dimensional analysis
 Laws of chemical combination
 Atomic and molecular masses, mole concept, molar mass, percentage composition, empirical and molecular formulae
 Chemical equations and stoichiometry
 Classification of matter into solid, liquid and gaseous states.
Gaseous State  Liquid State  Solid State 

Measurable properties of gases; Gas laws – Boyle’s law, Charle’s law, Graham’s law of diffusion, Avogadro’s law, Dalton’s law of partial pressure; Concept of Absolute scale of temperature; Ideal gas equation, Kinetic theory of gases (only postulates); Concept of average, root mean square and most probable velocities; Real gases, deviation from Ideal behavior, compressibility factor, vander Waals equation, liquefaction of gases, critical constants.  Properties of liquids – vapour pressure, viscosity and surface tension and effect of temperature on them (qualitative treatment only).  Classification of solids: molecular, ionic, covalent and metallic solids, amorphous and crystalline solids (elementary idea); Bragg’s Law and its applications; Unit cell and lattices, packing in solids (FCC, BCC and HCP lattices), voids, calculations involving unit cell parameters, imperfection in solids; Electrical, magnetic and dielectric properties. 
I.
 Discovery of subatomic particles (electron, proton and neutron)
 Thomson and Rutherford atomic models and their limitations
Nature of electromagnetic radiation
 Photoelectric effect
 Spectrum of hydrogen atom
 Bohr model of hydrogen atom – its postulates
 Derivation of the relations for energy of the electron and radii of the different orbits
 Limitations of Bohr’s model
 Dual nature of matter
 DeBroglie’s relationship
 Heisenberg uncertainty principle
II.
 Elementary ideas of quantum mechanics
 Quantum mechanical model of atom, its important features
 Concept of atomic orbitals as one electron wave functions
 Variation of Ψ and Ψ2 with r for 1s and 2s orbitals
 Various quantum numbers (principal, angular momentum and magnetic quantum numbers) and their significance
 Shapes of s, p and d – orbitals, electron spin and spin quantum number
 Rules for filling electrons in orbitals – Aufbau principle
 Pauli’s exclusion principle and Hund’s rule
 Electronic configuration of elements
 Extra stability of halffilled and completely filled orbitals
I. Kossel:
 Lewis approach to chemical bond formation
 Concept of ionic and covalent bonds
II. Ionic Bonding:
 Formation of ionic bonds
 Factors affecting the formation of ionic bonds
 Calculation of lattice enthalpy
III. Covalent Bonding:
 Concept of electronegativity
 Fajan’s rule
 Dipole moment
 Valence Shell Electron Pair Repulsion (VSEPR) theory and shapes of simple molecules
IV. Quantum mechanical approach to covalent bonding:
 Valence bond theory – Its important features
 Concept of hybridization involving s, p and d orbitals
 Resonance
V. Molecular Orbital Theory:
 Its important features
 LCAOs
 Types of molecular orbitals (bonding, antibonding)
 Sigma and pibonds
 Molecular orbital electronic configurations of homonuclear diatomic molecules
 Concept of bond order
 Bond length and bond energy
VI. Elementary idea of metallic bonding. Hydrogen bonding and its applications.
Fundamentals of thermodynamics  First law of thermodynamics  Second law of thermodynamics 
System and surroundings, extensive and intensive properties, state functions, types of processes  Concept of work, heat internal energy and enthalpy, heat capacity, molar heat capacity; Hess’s law of constant heat summation; Enthalpies of bond dissociation, combustion, formation, atomization, sublimation, phase transition, hydration, ionization and solution  Spontaneity of processes; ΔS of the universe and ΔG of the system as criteria for spontaneity, ΔGo (Standard Gibbs energy change) and equilibrium constant. 
 Different methods for expressing concentration of solution – molality
 Molarity
 Mole fraction
 Percentage (by volume and mass both)
 Vapor pressure of solutions and Raoult’s Law – Ideal and nonideal solutions
 Vapour pressure – composition
 Plots for ideal and nonideal solutions
 Colligative properties of dilute solutions – relative lowering of vapour pressure
 Depression of freezing point
 Elevation of boiling point and osmotic pressure
 Determination of molecular mass using colligative properties
 Abnormal value of molar mass
 Van’t Hoff factor and its significance
Meaning of equilibrium, concept of dynamic equilibrium.
Equilibria involving physical processes:
 Solid liquid
 Liquid – gas and solid – gas equilibria
 Henry’s law
 General characteristics of equilibrium involving physical processes.
Equilibria involving chemical processes:
 Law of chemical equilibrium
 Equilibrium constants (Kp and Kc) and their significance
 Significance of ΔG and ΔGo in chemical equilibria
 Factors affecting equilibrium concentration
 Pressure
 Temperature
 Effect of catalyst
 Le Chatelier’s principle
Ionic equilibrium:
 Weak and strong electrolytes
 Ionization of electrolytes
 Various concepts of acids and bases (Arrhenius, Bronsted – Lowry and Lewis) and their ionization
 Acidbase equilibria (including multistage ionization) and ionization constants
 Ionization of water
 PH scale
 Common ion effect
 Hydrolysis of salts and pH of their solutions
 Solubility of sparingly soluble salts and solubility products
 Buffer solutions
 Electronic concepts of oxidation and reduction
 Redox reactions, oxidation number
 Rules for assigning oxidation number
 Balancing of redox reactions
 Electrolytic and metallic conduction
 Conductance in electrolytic solutions
 Specific and molar conductivities and their variation with concentration
 Kohlrausch’s law and its applications
Electrochemical cells:
 Electrolytic and Galvanic cells
 Different types of electrodes
 Electrode potentials including standard electrode potential, half – cell and cell reactions, emf of a Galvanic cell and its measurement
 Nernst equation and its applications
 Relationship between cell potential and Gibbs’ energy change
 Dry cell and lead accumulator
 Fuel cells
 Corrosion and its prevention
 Rate of a chemical reaction
 Factors affecting the rate of reactions: concentration, temperature, pressure and catalyst
 Elementary and complex reactions
 Order and molecularity of reactions
 Rate law, rate constant and its units, differential and integral forms of zero and first order reactions, their characteristics and halflives
 Effect of temperature on rate of reactions – Arrhenius theory, activation energy and its calculation
 collision theory of bimolecular gaseous reactions (no derivation)
Adsorption  Catalysis  Colloidal state 
Physisorption and chemisorption and their characteristics, factors affecting adsorption of gases on solids – Freundlich and Langmuir adsorption isotherms, adsorption from solutions.  Homogeneous and heterogeneous, activity and selectivity of solid catalysts, enzyme catalysis and its mechanism.  distinction among true solutions, colloids and suspensions, classification of colloids – lyophilic, lyophobic; multi molecular, macromolecular and associated colloids (micelles), preparation and properties of colloids – Tyndall effect, Brownian movement, electrophoresis, dialysis, coagulation and flocculation; Emulsions and their characteristics. 
Inorganic Chemistry
 Modem periodic law and present form of the periodic table, s, p, d and f block elements
 Periodic trends in properties of elementsatomic and ionic radii
 Ionization enthalpy
 Electron gain enthalpy
 Valence
 Oxidation states and chemical reactivity
 Modes of occurrence of elements in nature, minerals, ores
 Steps involved in the extraction of metals – concentration, reduction (chemical. and electrolytic methods) and refining with special reference to the extraction of Al, Cu, Zn and Fe
 Thermodynamic and electrochemical principles involved in the extraction of metals
 Position of hydrogen in periodic table
 Isotopes, preparation, properties and uses of hydrogen
 Physical and chemical properties of water and heavy water
 Structure, preparation, reactions and uses of hydrogen peroxide
 Classification of hydrides – ionic, covalent and interstitial
 Hydrogen as a fuel
Group 1 and Group 2 Elements
I.
 General introduction
 Electronic configuration and general trends in physical and chemical properties of elements
 Anomalous properties of the first element of each group
 Diagonal relationships
II.
 Preparation and properties of some important compounds – sodium carbonate, sodium chloride, sodium hydroxide and sodium hydrogen carbonate
 Industrial uses of lime, limestone, Plaster of Paris and cement
 Biological significance of Na, K, Mg and Ca
Group 13 to Group 18 Elements 

Group – 13  Preparation, properties and uses of boron and aluminium; Structure, properties and uses of borax, boric acid, diborane, boron trifluoride, aluminium chloride and alums. 
Group – 14  Tendency for catenation; Structure, properties and uses of allotropes and oxides of carbon, silicon tetrachloride, silicates, zeolites and silicones. 
Group – 15  Properties and uses of nitrogen and phosphorus; Allotrophic forms of phosphorus; Preparation, properties, structure and uses of ammonia, nitric acid, phosphine and phosphorus halides, (PCl3, PCl5); Structures of oxides and oxoacids of nitrogen and phosphorus. 
Group – 16  Preparation, properties, structures and uses of dioxygen and ozone; Allotropic forms of sulphur; Preparation, properties, structures and uses of sulphur dioxide, sulphuric acid (including its industrial preparation); Structures of oxoacids of sulphur. 
Group – 17  Preparation, properties and uses of chlorine and hydrochloric acid; Trends in the acidic nature of hydrogen halides; Structures of Interhalogen compounds and oxides and oxoacids of halogens. 
Group – 18  Occurrence and uses of noble gases; Structures of fluorides and oxides of xenon. 
Transition Elements  Inner Transition Elements 
General introduction, electronic configuration, occurrence and characteristics, general trends in properties of the first row transition elements – physical properties, ionization enthalpy, oxidation states, atomic radii, colour, catalytic behaviour, magnetic properties, complex formation, interstitial compounds, alloy formation; Preparation, properties and uses of K2Cr2O7 and KMnO4. 

 Introduction to coordination compounds, Werner’s theory
 Ligands, coordination number, denticity, chelation
 IUPAC nomenclature of mononuclear coordination compounds, isomerism
 BondingValence bond approach and basic ideas of Crystal field theory, colour and magnetic properties
 Importance of coordination compounds (in qualitative analysis, extraction of metals and in biological systems)
Organic Chemistry Syllabus
I. Tetravalency of carbon; Shapes of simple molecules – hybridization (s and p); Classification of organic compounds based on functional groups: Double bonds, triple bonds and those containing halogens, oxygen, nitrogen and sulphur; Homologous series; Isomerism – structural and stereoisomerism.
Nomenclature (Trivial and IUPAC)
II. Covalent bond fission – Homolytic and heterolytic – free radicals, carbocations and carbanions; stability of carbocations and free radicals, electrophiles and nucleophiles.
III. Electronic displacement in a covalent bond – Inductive effect, electromeric effect, resonance and hyperconjugation.
IV. Common types of organic reactions – Substitution, addition, elimination and rearrangement.
Purification  Qualitative analysis  Quantitative analysis (basic principles only)  Calculations of empirical formulae and molecular formulae 
Crystallization, sublimation, distillation, differential extraction and chromatography – principles and their applications.  Detection of nitrogen, sulphur, phosphorus and halogens.  Estimation of carbon, hydrogen, nitrogen, halogens, sulphur, phosphorus.  Numerical problems in organic quantitative analysis. 
 Classification
 Isomerism
 IUPAC nomenclature
 General methods of preparation, properties and reactions
Alkanes  Alkenes  Alkynes  Aromatic hydrocarbons 
Conformations: Sawhorse and Newman projections (of ethane); Mechanism of halogenation of alkanes.  Geometrical isomerism; Mechanism of electrophilic addition: addition of hydrogen, halogens, water, hydrogen halides (Markownikoff’s and peroxide effect); Ozonolysis, oxidation, and polymerization.  Acidic character; Addition of hydrogen, halogens, water and hydrogen halides; Polymerization.  Nomenclature, benzene – structure and aromaticity; Mechanism of electrophilic substitution: halogenation, nitration, Friedel – Craft’s alkylation and acylation, directive influence of functional group in monosubstituted benzene. 
 General methods of preparation, properties and reactions; Nature of CX bond; Mechanisms of substitution reactions.
 Uses; Environmental effects of chloroform, iodoform, freons and DDT.
General methods of preparation, properties, reactions and uses.
Alcohols  Identification of primary, secondary and tertiary alcohols; mechanism of dehydration. 
Phenols  Acidic nature, electrophilic substitution reactions: halogenation, nitration and sulphonation, Reimer – Tiemann reaction. 
Ethers  Structure 
Aldehyde and Ketones  Nature of carbonyl group; Nucleophilic addition to >C=O group, relative reactivities of aldehydes and ketones; Important reactions such as – Nucleophilic addition reactions (addition of HCN, NH3 and its derivatives), Grignard reagent; oxidation; reduction (Wolff Kishner and Clemmensen); acidity of? – hydrogen, aldol condensation, Cannizzaro reaction, Haloform reaction; Chemical tests to distinguish between aldehydes and Ketones. 
Carboxylic Acids  Acidic strength and factors affecting it. 
General methods of preparation, properties, reactions and uses.
 Amines: Nomenclature, classification, structure, basic character and identification of primary, secondary and tertiary amines and their basic character.
 Diazonium Salts: Importance in synthetic organic chemistry.
General introduction and classification of polymers, general methods of polymerization – addition and condensation, copolymerization;
Natural and synthetic rubber and vulcanization; some important polymers with emphasis on their monomers and uses – polyethene, nylon, polyester and bakelite.
General introduction and importance of biomolecules.
Carbohydrates  Classification: aldoses and ketoses; monosaccharides (glucose and fructose), constituent monosaccharides of oligosaccharides (sucrose, lactose, maltose) and polysaccharides (starch, cellulose, glycogen). 
Proteins  Elementary Idea of amino acids, peptide bond, polypeptides; Proteins: primary, secondary, tertiary and quaternary structure (qualitative idea only), denaturation of proteins, enzymes. 
Vitamins  Classification and functions. 
Nucleic Acids  Chemical constitution of DNA and RNA. Biological functions of nucleic acids. 
General introduction and importance of biomolecules.
Carbohydrates  Classification: aldoses and ketoses; monosaccharides (glucose and fructose), constituent monosaccharides of oligosaccharides (sucrose, lactose, maltose) and polysaccharides (starch, cellulose, glycogen). 
Proteins  Elementary Idea of amino acids, peptide bond, polypeptides; Proteins: primary, secondary, tertiary and quaternary structure (qualitative idea only), denaturation of proteins, enzymes. 
Vitamins  Classification and functions. 
Nucleic Acids  Chemical constitution of DNA and RNA. Biological functions of nucleic acids. 
 Environmental pollution – Atmospheric, water and soil.
 Atmospheric pollution – Tropospheric and stratospheric
 Tropospheric pollutants – Gaseous pollutants: Oxides of carbon, nitrogen and sulphur, hydrocarbons; their sources, harmful effects and prevention; Greenhouse effect and Global warming; Acid rain; Particulate pollutants: Smoke, dust, smog, fumes, mist; their sources, harmful effects and prevention.
 Stratospheric pollution – Formation and breakdown of ozone, depletion of ozone layer – its mechanism and effects.
 Water Pollution – Major pollutants such as pathogens, organic wastes and chemical pollutants; their harmful effects and prevention.
 Soil pollution – Major pollutants such as Pesticides (insecticides, herbicides and fungicides), their harmful effects and prevention.
Strategies to control environmental pollution.
Chemicals in medicines  Chemicals in food  Cleansing agents 
Analgesics, tranquillizers, antiseptics, disinfectants, antimicrobials, antifertility drugs, antibiotics, antacids, antihistamines – their meaning and common examples.  Preservatives, artificial sweetening agents – common examples.  Soaps and detergents, cleansing action. 
Detection of extra elements (N, S, halogens) inorganic compounds; Detection of the following functional groups: hydroxyl (alcoholic and phenolic), carbonyl (aldehyde and ketone), carboxyl and amino groups in organic compounds.
Chemistry involved in the preparation of the following:
Inorganic compounds: Mohr’s salt, potash alum.
Organic compounds: Acetanilide, pnitroacetanilide, aniline yellow, iodoform.
Chemistry involved in the titrimetric exercises – Acids bases and the use of indicators, oxalicacid vs KMnO4, Mohr’s salt vs KMnO4.
Chemical involved in the qualitative salt analysis:
Cations – Pb^{2+} , Cu^{2+}, Al^{3+}, Fe^{3+}, Zn^{2+}, Ni^{2+}, Ca^{2+}, Ba^{2+}, Mg^{2+}, NH^{4+}.
Anions – CO_{3}^{2}, S^{2}, SO_{4}^{2}, NO_{2}^{–}, NO_{3}^{–}, Cl^{–}, Br^{–}, I^{–}. (Insoluble salts excluded).
Chemical principles involved in the following experiments:
 Enthalpy of solution of CuSO_{4}
 Enthalpy of neutralization of strong acid and strong base.
 Preparation of lyophilic and lyophobic sols.
 Kinetic study of reaction of iodide ion with hydrogen peroxide at room temperature.
JEE Main Physics Syllabus 2019
 Physics, technology and society, SI units, Fundamental and derived units
 Least count, accuracy and precision of measuring instruments, Errors in measurement, Significant figures
 Dimensions of Physical quantities, dimensional analysis and its applications
 Frame of reference
 Motion in a straight line: Positiontime graph, speed and velocity
 Uniform and nonuniform motion, average speed and instantaneous velocity Uniformly accelerated motion, velocitytime, position time graphs, relations for uniformly accelerated motion
 Scalars and Vectors, Vector Addition and Subtraction, Zero Vector, Scalar and Vector products, Unit Vector, Resolution of a Vector
 Relative Velocity, Motion in a plane, Projectile Motion, Uniform Circular Motion
 Force and Inertia, Newton’s First Law of motion Momentum, Newton’s Second Law of motion
 Impulse
 Newton’s Third Law of motion
 Law of conservation of linear momentum and its applications, Equilibrium of concurrent forces
 Static and Kinetic friction, laws of friction, rolling friction
 Dynamics of uniform circular motion: Centripetal force and its applications.
 Work done by a constant force and a variable force
 Kinetic and potential energies, workenergy theorem, power
 Potential energy of a spring, conservation of mechanical energy, conservative and nonconservative forces
 Elastic and inelastic collisions in one and two dimensions
 Centre of mass of a twoparticle system, Centre of mass of a rigid body
 Basic concepts of rotational motion
 moment of a force, torque, angular momentum, conservation of angular momentum and its applications
 Moment of inertia, radius of gyration
 Values of moments of inertia for simple geometrical objects, parallel and perpendicular axes theorems and their applications
 Rigid body rotation, equations of rotational motion
 The universal law of gravitation
 Acceleration due to gravity and its variation with altitude and depth
 Kepler’s laws of planetary motion
 Gravitational potential energy
 Gravitational potential
 Escape velocity
 Orbital velocity of a satellite
 Geostationary satellites
 Elastic behaviour, Stressstrain relationship, Hooke’s Law, Young’s modulus, bulk modulus, modulus of rigidity
 Pressure due to a fluid column
 Pascal’s law and its applications
 Viscosity, Stokes’ law, terminal velocity, streamline and turbulent flow, Reynolds number
 Bernoulli’s principle and its applications
 Surface energy and surface tension, angle of contact, application of surface tension – drops, bubbles and capillary rise
 Periodic motion – period, frequency, displacement as a function of time
 Periodic functions
 Simple harmonic motion (S.H.M.) and its equation
 Phase
 Oscillations of a spring restoring force and force constant
 Energy in S.H.M. – kinetic and potential energies
 Simple pendulum – derivation of expression for its time period
 Free, forced and damped oscillations, resonance
 Wave motion
 Longitudinal and transverse waves, speed of a wave
 Displacement relation for a progressive wave
 The principle of superposition of waves, reflection of waves, Standing waves in strings and organ pipes, fundamental mode and harmonics, Beats, Doppler effect in sound
 Chapters Come Under Mechanics for JEE Main
Heat and Thermodynamics
 Heat, temperature, thermal expansion
 Specific heat capacity, calorimetry
 Change of state, latent heat
 Heat transfer conduction, convection and radiation, Newton’s law of cooling
 Thermal equilibrium, zeroth law of thermodynamics, concept of temperature
 Heat, work and internal energy. First law of thermodynamics
 Second law of thermodynamics: reversible and irreversible processes
 Carnot engine and its efficiency
 Equation of state of a perfect gas, work done on compressing a gas
 Kinetic theory of gases – assumptions, concept of pressure
 Kinetic energy and temperature: rms speed of gas molecules
 Degrees of freedom, Law of equipartition of energy, applications to specific heat capacities of gases
 Mean free path, Avogadro’s number
Electrostatics & Electromagnetism
 Electric charges: Conservation of charge, Coulomb’s lawforces between two point charges, forces between multiple charges
 Superposition principle and continuous charge distribution
 Electric field: Electric field due to a point charge, Electric field lines, Electric dipole, Electric field due to a dipole, Torque on a dipole in a uniform electric field
 Electric flux, Gauss’s law and its applications to find field due to infinitely long uniformly charged straight wire, uniformly charged infinite plane sheet and uniformly charged thin spherical shell
 Electric potential and its calculation for a point charge, electric dipole and system of charges
 Equipotential surfaces, Electrical potential energy of a system of two point charges in an electrostatic field
 Conductors and insulators, Dielectrics and electric polarization, capacitor, combination of capacitors in series and in parallel, capacitance of a parallel plate capacitor with and without dielectric medium between the plates, Energy stored in a capacitor.
 Biot – Savart law and its application to current carrying circular loop
 Ampere’s law and its applications to infinitely long current carrying straight wire and solenoid
 Force on a moving charge in uniform magnetic and electric fields
 Cyclotron
 Force on a currentcarrying conductor in a uniform magnetic field
 Force between two parallel currentcarrying conductorsdefinition of ampere
 Torque experienced by a current loop in uniform magnetic field
 Moving coil galvanometer, its current sensitivity and conversion to ammeter and voltmeter.
 Current loop as a magnetic dipole and its magnetic dipole moment
 Bar magnet as an equivalent solenoid, magnetic field lines
 Earth’s magnetic field and magnetic elements
 Para, dia and ferro magnetic substances
 Magnetic susceptibility and permeability, Hysteresis, Electromagnets and permanent magnets
 Electromagnetic waves and their characteristics
 Transverse nature of electromagnetic waves
 Electromagnetic spectrum (radio waves, microwaves, infrared, visible, ultraviolet, Xrays, gamma rays)
 Applications of e.m. waves
Current Electricity and EMI
 Electric current, Drift velocity, Ohm’s law, Electrical resistance, Resistances of different materials, VI characteristics of Ohmic and nonohmic conductors, Electrical energy and power, Electrical resistivity, Colour code for resistors
 Series and parallel combinations of resistors
 Temperature dependence of resistance
 Electric Cell and its Internal resistance, potential difference and emf of a cell, combination of cells in series and in parallel
 Kirchhoff’s laws and their applications
 Wheatstone bridge, Metre bridge
 Potentiometer – principle and its applications
 Electromagnetic inductio
 Faraday’s law, induced emf and current
 Lenz’s Law, Eddy currents
 Self and mutual inductance
 Alternating currents, peak and rms value of alternating current/ voltage
 Reactance and impedance
 LCR series circuit, resonance
 Quality factor, power in AC circuits, wattless current
 AC generator and transformer
 Semiconductors
 Semiconductor diode: IV characteristics in forward and reverse bias
 Diode as a rectifier
 IV characteristics of LED, photodiode, solar cell and Zener diode
 Zener diode as a voltage regulator
 Junction transistor, transistor action, characteristics of a transistor
 Transistor as an amplifier (common emitter configuration) and oscillator
 Logic gates (OR, AND, NOT, NAND and NOR)
 Transistor as a switch
Optics & Modern Physics
Ray Optics:
1. Reflection and refraction of light at plane and spherical surfaces
2. Mirror formula
3. Total internal reflection and its applications
4. Deviation and Dispersion of light by a prism
5. Lens Formula
6. Magnification
7. Power of a Lens
8. Combination of thin lenses in contact
9. Microscope and Astronomical Telescope (reflecting and refracting) and their magnifying powers
Wave optics:
1. Wavefront and Huygens’ principle
2. Laws of reflection and refraction using Huygen’s principle
3. Interference
4. Young’s double slit experiment and expression for fringe width
5. Coherent sources and sustained interference of light
6. Diffraction due to a single slit, width of central maximum
7. Resolving power of microscopes and astronomical telescopes, Polarisation, plane polarized light
8. Brewster’s law, uses of plane polarized light and Polaroids.
 Dual nature of radiation
 Photoelectric effect, Hertz and Lenard’s observations
 Einstein’s photoelectric equation
 Particle nature of light
 Matter waveswave nature of particle, de Broglie relation
 DavissonGermer experiment
 Alphaparticle scattering experiment
 Rutherford’s model of atom
 Bohr model, energy levels, hydrogen spectrum
 Composition and size of nucleus, atomic masses, isotopes, isobars
 Isotones
 Radioactivityalpha, beta and gamma particles/rays and their properties
 Radioactive decay law
 Massenergy relation, mass defect
 Binding energy per nucleon and its variation with mass number, nuclear fission and fusion.
 Propagation of electromagnetic waves in the atmosphereSky and space wave propagation
 Need for modulation, Amplitude and Frequency Modulation, Bandwidth of signals, Bandwidth of Transmission medium, Basic Elements of a Communication System (Block Diagram only)
Physics Practicals
 Familiarity with the basic approach and observations of the experiments and activities:
 Vernier callipers – its use to measure internal and external diameter and depth of a vessel.
 Screw gaugeits use to determine thickness/diameter of thin sheet/wire.
 Simple Pendulumdissipation of energy by plotting a graph between square of amplitude and time.
 Metre Scale – mass of a given object by principle of moments.
 Young’s modulus of elasticity of the material of a metallic wire.
 Surface tension of water by capillary rise and effect of detergents.
 Coefficient of Viscosity of a given viscous liquid by measuring terminal velocity of a given spherical body.
 Plotting a cooling curve for the relationship between the temperature of a hot body and time.
 Speed of sound in air at room temperature using a resonance tube.
 Specific heat capacity of a given (i) solid and (ii) liquid by method of mixtures.
 Resistivity of the material of a given wire using metre bridge.
 Resistance of a given wire using Ohm’s law.
 Potentiometer
 Comparison of emf of two primary cells.
 Determination of internal resistance of a cell.
 Resistance and figure of merit of a galvanometer by half deflection method.
 Focal length of: (i) Convex mirror (ii) Concave mirror, and (iii) Convex lens using parallax method.
 Plot of angle of deviation vs angle of incidence for a triangular prism.
 Refractive index of a glass slab using a traveling microscope.
 Characteristic curves of a pn junction diode in forward and reverse bias.
 Characteristic curves of a Zener diode and finding reverse break down voltage.
 Characteristic curves of a transistor and finding current gain and voltage gain.
 Identification of Diode, LED, Transistor, IC, Resistor, Capacitor from mixed collection of such items.
 Using multimeter to:
(i) Identify base of a transistor
(ii) Distinguish between NPN and PNP type transistor
(iii) See the unidirectional flow of current in case of a diode and an LED
(iv) Check the correctness or otherwise of a given electronic component (diode, transistor or IC).
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